Long red hair, deep purple eyes, a cross-shape scar on his right cheek...
he's about "this" tall, he wears a purple and white kimono. He's a lonely and thoughtful guy, but if his friends are with him he turns very cheerful.
At his side there is a sword, he never abandons it, it's his sakabato, the reverse-blade sword.
If you run into him through
the streets of Tokyo, be careful. Be very kind with him, don't make him mad, do not take advantage from the weak, but, above
all, do not challenge him! Because he, he is not just a wandering samurai... behind that nice face is hidden a great warrior,
one of the greatest swordsmen of the Bakamatsu Era, the hitokiri of the legend, the killer Battousai.
It's 1878, the eleventh
year of Meiji Era, following the Japanese calendar, and wandering through the streets of Tokyo it is not difficult to run
into the man who matches this description, Himura Kenshin, wandering samurai.
Kenshin's past is enveloped in mystery and
myth. All it's allowed to know about him is told by the 4 OVAs and by the flashback of the TV series and the manga. Remained
orphan when he was still a little child, he's initiated to the secrets of Mitsurugi Hiten by the master Seijiro Hiko, who
decides to take him under his own protection after having saved him from the bandits who had attacked the caravan Kenshin
was travelling with. Great are the skills of the young Shinta (this is his real name, that then he will change in Kenshin
- heart of sword - following Hiko's advice) and he is noticed by the Ishin Shishi when, after an argument with his master,
Kenshin leaves the mountains and heads towards Kyoto in order to serve the oppressed with his ability. But the Ishin make
of him a hitokiri, and when Tomoe's love seems to lead him again to a life without blood and violence, her very true past
brings him to draw his sword and her death takes him to war. During the war of the Bakamatsu Era, he gets the name of the
killer Battousai, 'cause his fighting technique lies in cutting in half whoever steps in his way. With the restoration and the beginning
of the Meiji Era, Battousai and his bloody sword disappear and give their place to Kenshin Himura and his sakabato.
years have passed, ten years of wandering. Now Kenshin has arrived to Tokyo with the purpose to maintain the promise not to
kill anymore, but using his sword in order to help the weaks. In the capital he meets a girl, Kaoru Kamiya, teacher assistant
in the Kamiya Kasshin dojo, and he decides to stop at her in order to help her to rebuild her father dojo.
With this encounter,
the adventures of the wandering samurai, told with great mastery and skill by the grand Nobuhiro Watsuki, start.
after episode, adventure after adventure, Kenshin and Kaoru are joined by some new friends: the young Yahiko Myojin, through
whose veins runs the blood of the ancient samurais, Sanosuke Sagara aka Zanza, a street fighter who hates the imperialists
who killed his commandant, and the doctor Mrs. Megumi Takani. But besides the friends, Kenshin must face several foes: first
the false Battousai, who wants to disgrace the name of the Kamiya, then Zanza himself and finally the Oniwabanshu, whose leader
is the brave Aoshi Shinomori.
When finally is seems like Kenshin can now abandon his wandering and live an happy life together
with his friends, a shadow from his past appears. It's Saito Hajime who's looking for the challenge with Himura, and because
he needs his help in order to defeat the new enemy of Japan, Shishio Makoto, and because he's looking for revenge, on that
young boy who over ten years earlier completely defeated his Shinsengumi troop.
The fight between the two is fortunately
interrupted and "together" go and face the hitokiri Shishio and his army: the Juppon Gatana. The struggles get harder and
harder and Kenshin must ask for help to his old master in order to learn the last secret of Mitsurugi Hiten. Strong of the new technique, he prepares, together with Saito and Sanosuke,
to face the terrible enemy. But first he has to defeat all the ten members of the Juppon Gatana and Aoshi, who had swore he
would have kill Kenshin in order to honour his fellows death. At the end of the amazing fight between Shishio and Kenshin,
our hero is took back wounded but alive to Kaoru and all together return to Tokyo where they find waiting for Kenshin a new
enemy, Enishi Yukishiro, Tomoe's younger brother who wants have his revenge for his sister's death. Kenshin is so forced to
reveal his past and his feelings for her to Kaoru. Enishi results to be much stronger than any other opponents Kenshin had
to face... Will be Himura able to defeat this last enemy and live in peace with the girl he loves? Or will Enishi take definitely
away from him any hope for happiness?
I could talk for hours and pages about this wonderful manga where the action is so
well detailed and the different fighting styles and techniques are described with a lot of emphasis and accuracy. And although
the dramatic force with which many events are filled, Nobuhiro Watsuki finds the time also for comic and relaxing moments...
The Requiem of the Ishin Shishi
Act 1 ~ The Man Who Slays
Act 2 ~ The Stray Cat
Act 3 ~ Early morning in a mountain village
Act 4 ~ The Cross-Shaped Wound
Seisouhen ~ Part 1
It's 1893, 15 years have passed since Kaoru and
Kenshin's first met. Kenshin is away, he's fighting for the government, Kaoru is sick and by her memories are told when their
first met, the fight with Jin-e, the struggle with Shishio, and when finallym everything seems to be ended and they can live
in peace together, a message, the true about the cross-shape scar... trun of Kaoru and an old enemy, Enishi, who came back
looking for his revenge...
Duration: 40 min
Production: Fuji TV/SPE Visual Works
By: Yoshida Reiko
Directed By: Furuhashi Kazuhiro
Seisouhen ~ Part 2
KENSHIN HIMURA BATTOUSAI
THE WANDERER COMES TO TOWN
OF TOKYO SAMURAI ~ MYOUJIN YAHIKO
THE KASHIN SCHOOL REVIVES
AND SO ANOTHER JOINS THEN
THE RIBBON AND THE
THE ORIGIN OF BATTOUSAI
A FINAL ACT UNDER THE MOON
A RUNAWAY BEAUTY
KENSHIN'S COMPANY CHARGES
THE GIRL FROM AIZU
A REASON TO ACT
A WIND OF RAGE
ON KANRYUU'S ESTATE
SPY AND KEMPOIST
HANNYA'S COSTUME, SHIKIJOU'S SCARS
SHOWDOWN OF STRENGHT
THE OKASHIRA, SHINOMORI AOSHI
THE END OF A DUEL TO THE DEATH
TWO DESTINIES - AOSHI
YAHIKO'S FIGHT- THE BEGINNING
FIGHT- THE MIDDLE
FIGHT- THE END
PATTERNS OF MEIJI SWORDMANSHIP
MEETING AT THE TSUKAYAMA ESTATE
A MAN OF IDEALS
ANOTHER SECRET SWORD
DON'T KNOW ...
NO NEED FOR WORRIES
SANOSUKE AND NISHIKIE - PART ONE
SANOSUKE AND NISHIKIE - PART TWO
AND NISHIKIE - PART THREE
CRESCENT MOON OVER A COUNTRY IN WAR
CREUL AS A WOLF
THE WOLF BARES HIS FANGS
A CALL AND ANSWER
ONE WHO STOP THEM
THE REQUEST OF OKUBO TOSHIMICHI
MAY 14, 1878 ~ MORNING
MAY 14, 1878 ~ EVENING
- PART ONE
TO KYOTO... - PART TWO
MEGUMI AND KAORU'S FEELINGS
A CRUEL MAN
ON THE MEIJI TOUKAI WAY
EACH ON THEIR WAY
THE ABANDONED VILLAGE
THE BUDDING OF VIOLENCE
PORTRAIT OF AN AMBITIOUS
SOUJIROU, THE PRODIGY
ONCE AGAIN TO KYOTO
MEETING IN THE FOREST - PART ONE
MEETING IN THE
FOREST - PART TWO
ARRIVAL IN KYOTO
SEARCH FOR A REVERSE BLADE
THE TEN SWORDS ACT
THE CURTAIN RISES ON
A BRUSH WITH DEATH
TEN SWORD, CHO
THE THIN-BLADED SWORD
THE FORBIDDEN SWORD
THAT LEAD ME TO YOU
MASTER AND STUDENT OF THE SWORD
AOSHI AND OKINA
OVERTURE TO DESTRUCTION
AOSHI Vs. OKINA
A DEATH-PLACE OF FREESH BLOOD
ROOSTER AND THE BROOM
THAT NAME IS USUI
A BEGINNING OF INSTRUCTION
EVEN IF I THR...
BETWEEN DEATH AND
ASSEMBLY OF THE TEN SWORD
FLY LIKE THE WIND
THE GREAT KYOTO FIRE I
THE GREAT KYOTO
THE GREAT KYOTO FIRE III
A BEAUTIFUL NIGHT
LIKE SNAKES AND SCORPIONS
A DIFFERENCE OF STRENGHT
FISTS OF CONVICTION
A WORLD WITH NO HOPE
FISTS CAN'T TELL
AND SAITOU'S MIND'S EYE
THE STABBING FANG
THE PROMISED TIME IS NOW
THE FINAL BATTLE BEGIN
AOSHI'S FIERCE ATTACK
TIME TO AWAKEN IS NOW
THE FIRST AMAKAKERU RYUU NO HIRAMEKI
ATTACK AND DEFENSE OF THE AOIYA
SHADOW OF A TRUE DESIRE
THE GIANT AGAINST THE GREAT MAN - PART ONE
THE GIANT AGAINST THE
GREAT MAN - PART TWO
SOUJIROU TAKES THE FIELD
SOUJIRO'S PAST - A CHACE MEETING ON A MOONLIGHT
SOUJIRO'S PAST - THUNDER AND MADNESS
SOUJIRO'S PAST - A SMILE IN THE FREEZING RAIN
A SPIRIT BROKEN
AMA KEKERU RYUU NO HIRAMEKI
THOSE WHO GATHER, THOSE WHO LEAVE
WHEN DID THE BATTLE BEGIN?
NOT YET GONE TO THEIR FATE
FLAME OF A DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD
THE FINAL SITUATION
THE THIRD AMAKAKERU RYUU
YUMI - FORMS OF LOVE
CONCLUSIONE - THE ONE TO DECIDE THE AGE
KYOTO EPILOGUE 1 - THE
END OF THE TEN SWORD (PART ONE)
KYOTO EPILOGUE 2 - THE END OF THE TEN SWORD (PART TWO)
KYOTO EPILOGUE 3 - AN
EARLY SUMMER MORNING
KYOTO EPILOGUE 4 - AN EARLY SUMMER AFTERNOON
KYOTO EPILOGUE 8 - IN THE BLUE SKY
DO YOU STILL
HAVE THE SCAR?
THE ONE-ARMED MAN
SIGNAL FLARE OF REVENGE
TWIN STORMS RAGE!
A PIERCING QUESTION
THOUGHTS AT DAWN
TO A DEATH
PHANTOMS & REALITY
REMEMBRANCES 1 ~ HITOKIRI
REMEMBRANCES 2 ~ BATTOUSAI WAS BORN
~ A MAN AND A WOMAN IN A RAIN OF BLOOD
REMEMBRANCES 4 ~ YUKISHIRO TOMOE
REMEMBRANCES 5 ~ MADNESS
6 ~ TURMOIL: 1864
A BRIEF INTERMISSION
REMEMBRANCES 7 ~ IN THE COUNTRY
REMEMBRANCES 8 ~ ENISHI'S VISIT
9 ~ SNOW, WHITE . . .
REMEMBRANCES 10 ~ FOREST OF BARRIERS
REMEMBRANCES 11 ~ DARK ARTS
REMEMBRANCES 12 ~ HARSH FIGHT
13 ~ THE CROSS SCAR
REMEMBRANCES 14 ~ AND SO TIME PASSED
THE NIGHT WEARS ON...
A RAY OF HOPE
CONFESSION - PART
CONFESSION - PART TWO
AGAINST THE ARMTRONG CANNON
NEW INVINCIBLE TEKKOU
TIDES OF THE BATTLE
THREE-FRONT BATTLE - FIGHT 1 - 1
THREE-FRONT BATTLE - FIGHT 1 - 2
BATTLE - FIGHT 2 - 1
THREE-FRONT BATTLE - FIGHT 2 - 2
THREE-FRONT BATTLE - FIGHT 2 - 3
THREE-FRONT BATTLE - FIGHT
3 - 1
THREE-FRONT BATTLE - FIGHT 3 - 2
BLUE SMOKE OF THE WOLF
||Okina (Kashiwajaki Nenji)
MEIJI ERA (1868-1912)In 1867, after a civil war, the Tokugawa era found an end in the
Meiji Restoration. The emperor Matsuhito moved from Kyoto to Tokyo which became the new
capital; his imperial power was restored. The actual political power was transferred from the Tokugawa Bakufu
into the hands of a small group of nobles and former samurai.
In order to regain independence from the Europeans and Americans
and establish herself as a respected nation in the world, Meiji Japan was determined to close the gap to
the Western powers economically and militarily. Drastic reforms were carried
out in practically all areas.
The new government aimed to make Japan a democratic state with equality
among all its people. The boundaries between the social classes of Tokugawa Japan were gradually broken down. Consequently,
the samurai in reason of those social reforms lost all their privileges.
In order to stabilize the new government, the
former feudal lords (daimyo) had to return all their lands to the emperor. This was achieved already in 1870 and followed
by the restructuring of the country in prefectures.
The large expenditures led to a financial crisis
in the middle of the 1880's which was followed by a reform of the currency system and the establishment of the Bank
Catching up on the military sector was, of course, a high priority for Japan in an era of European and
American imperialism. Universal conscription was introduced, and a new army modelled after the Prussian force,
and a navy after the British one were established.
In 1889, a parliament, the Diet, was established while
the emperor kept sovereignty: he stood at the top of the army, navy, executive and legislative power. The ruling clique, however,
kept on holding the actual power, and the able and intelligent emperor Meiji agreed with most of their actions. Political
parties did not yet gain real power due to the lack of unity among their members.
Conflicts of interests in Korea between
China and Japan led to the Sino-Japanese War in 1894-95. Japan defeated China, received Taiwan, but was forced
by Russia, France and Germany to return other territories. The so called Triple Intervention caused the Japanese army and
navy to intensify their rearmament.
New conflicts of interests in Korea and Manchuria, this time between Russia and Japan,
led to the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-05. The Japanese army also won this war gaining territory and finally
some international respect. Japan further increased her influence on Korea and annexed her completely in 1910. In Japan, the
war successes caused nationalism to increase even more, and other Asian nations also started to develop national self confidence.
Meiji Era 1867-1912
Meiji Era was one of modernization, including the development of a navy and army, railroads, and a parliament. Many relics
of the past were destroyed and in the process, many old practices were abandoned.
Edo renamed Tokyo. The Meiji era began.
1869 Daimyo return their lands to the Throne.
1870 The boundaries
between the social classes broken down Some of the samurai became noble, other became "shizoku" and some other mixed with
the common people.
1871 The feudalism decaded and a new system based on prefectures took its place. The prefecture
are ruled by an administrator named by the central government.
1872 First locomotive line between Shimbashi (Tokyo)
and Yokohama opened. Public shools opened all over the country.
1873 The Japanese calendar is substituted with the
Western one. Weapons are no moreallowed in the cities.
1874 Itagaki Taisuke ask the goverment to estabilish a popular
1877 First Industrial Exhibition held at Ueno Park. A civil war led by Nanshu Saigo took place in Kyushu,
but it's easily stopped.
1879 The First Tokyo-fu (Tokyo "Prefecture") Conference held.
1882 The first zoo opened in Ueno.
1885 The first prime minister, Hirobumi Ito, organized
1887 Electricity illuminated Tokyo for the first time.
1888 Municipal organization system started.
1889 Dainippon Imperial Constitution promulgated. Tokyo-shi ("Tokyo city") included 15 ku (wards).
Tama Areas incorporated into Tokyo-fu from Kanagawa Prefecture. Tokyo Station retains vestiges of the Meiji era.
Tokyo-fu Government Building was completed in Marunouchi, Tokyo. Sino-Japanese War (-1895)
1902 Japan and Great Britain
1904 Russo-Japanese War (-1905)
1910 Korea became part of Japan)
In Japan, during the feudal age, the
society was divided into four classes: warriors, farmers, craftsmen and merchants.
The word samurai (who serve) appears
for the first time during the Heian Period (794 - 1185) and from this moment the history of Japan becomes the history of Samurai,
at least until the Meiji Restoration (1876).
The first model of Samurai was the horse-bowman. During the fights for the
throne after the death of Emperor Tenchi (671) this new kind of warrior increased the agility and the velocity of the armies.
as a special rank in the warrior class under the Emperor's orders, the Samurai - who can be considered the knights of Japan
- turned then into a very social elite between the ninth and the twelfth century. They were the most powerful class and they
were lords and "policemen" at the same time. But they had also to follow a very severe honor code, with many sacrifices and
a true loyalty to their own lord.
The behaviour laws for a samurai were encoded by the Bushido (the way of the warrior,
bushi=warrior). This code was absolutely secret and was taught from father to son or from master to pupil during the training
of the martial arts. The kids learnt the use of the bow (kyu jutsu), of the sword (ken jutsu) and also to fight with no weapon.
The code of Bushido had the purpose to push the warrior towards the moral and spiritual integrity: the honor was everything
for a samurai, it was so important than not only the bushido showed the way for a good life but also he described the better
way to die, during a fight or performing seppuku (the suicide). The seppuku was prescribed in several circumstances, as after
loosing a battle in order to not become a prisoner, for following the lord in the other world, when they disagree or disobey
their lord or it was ordered if the samurai did not complete a mission with honor. If a samurai refused sappuku he would become
a ronin looking for another lord or joining the outlaws.
In order to protect themselves during the battle, the samurai
were wearing an armor that had also the purpose to distinguish the clan and the importance of the warriors. It was made of
light protection that allow the movements. The most showy part of the armor was the helm (kabuto) that could have the strangest
shape and was accompanied by a terrific mask,. In the XVII century the armor were abandoned.
The most important weapon for a samurai was the sword. Every warrior had two swords (daisho): a
long one and a short one, from which they never divided and it was also called "the guardian of the honor". The long sword
(daito - katana) was more than 60 cm long, the short one (shoto - wakizashi) was between 30 and 60 cm.
Samurai often gave
a name to their sword and they considered it a kami, a divinity that could give or take life.
The most ancient sword were
straight and they were imported from Korea or China. But since the samurai wanted more resistant sword, they soon become curved.
The blade was made of a many metals with a big percentage of Carbon.
The blacksmith was very important in the craft of
the swords, it was from him that the sword received its physical and spiritual characteristics. It was not enough for him
to be a good craftsman, he had to have also very high spiritual quality he could transmit to the sword. Every family of blacksmith
had a different technique that was passed from generation in generation.
When a samurai died his sword was given to his
son or pupil.
Batto jutsu - art of drawing the sword
Budo - Martial arts
or fighting techniques
Bushido - way of warrior
Chokuto - straight sword used by the first samurai
Daimyo - feudal lord
Daisho - the two sword of a samurai (a long one - katana, a short one- wakizashi)
- duties of a samurai
Kampaku - lord
Katana - long sword
Ken - sword - especially is ancient and with a double blade
- art of sword
Kyo-jutsu - art of bow
Kyuba no michi - way of horse and bow
Muramasa - sword maker
No-dachi - long sword
Ronin (o Ruroni) - samurai without lord
Ryu - martial arts school
a member of the warrior class
Sensei - master
Seppuku - ritual suicide
Shogun - supreme general ("Lord of War")
- art of spear
Sohei - warrior monk
Tachi - long curved sword used by theancient samurai
Wakizashi - short sword
The Oniwaban was an elite of ninja who were at guard of the Edo Castle
during the Togukawa Era.
For hundreds of years the IGA (Togakure) group of ninja were the major force in Ninjitsu,
however smaller groups existed in other parts of Japan. Within these groups of spies, saboteurs, and killers, another family
incread its power, namely the deadly KOGA of Shiga prefecture.
Interestingly, Shiga is next to the Mie prefecture
in southern Japan. So, the KOGA and IGA inhabited the same mountain range, in two valleys divided by a mountain.
the centuries, several leaders such as Takeda Shingen, Oda Nobunga, and perhaps the greatest general in Japanese History, Tokugawa Ieyasu all employed the Ninja to help control the country
through a complex spy network.
With the close of the Sengoku era in 1600, three hundred years of peace and prosperity
followed, known as the Tokugawa era. Up until this time the capital of Japan had been in Kyoto, but Tokugawa moved the capital
to Edo (Tokyo today). He took with him three hundred Ninja from the KOGA and IGA groups as personal bodyguards. So the 'Oniwaban'
group of ninja set, not as an espionage unit, but as an internal security unit. Later these Ninja guarded the castle in Tokyo.
These are all the information I've been able to find. If you notice any error or have more information,
please contact me by e-mail.^_^
Here are some information about
the Shinsengumi, the military group, rally existed, to which also Hajime Saito belongs.
Following the arrival of the American
Commodore Matthew Perry, in 1853, Japan was found in a serious situation of chaos and panic.
samurais, in first place those of the lowest ranks, started to doubt about the real ability of the Shogun to defend
the nation and they abandoned their lords to reach Kyoto and join the revolutionary movement.
didn't know what movement to join and in this way they created a even more chaotic situation in the capital. In fact there
were different schools of thought all with the common patriotic ideal of helping Japan.
At the same time, in the
district of Tama, near Edo (the actual Tokyo), there was a school of kenjutsu, the Shieikan, where the Tennen Rishin
Ryuu was practiced. The teacher was Kondou Isami, and among his students there were Hijikata Toshizou, Okita Souji
and Inoue Genzaburou, that were just like brothers. There were also others that attended the school to only receive a free
lunch as Yamanami Seisuke, Harada Sanosuke and Nagakura Shinpachi. When at the dojo they heard about the situation of Kyoto,
these samurais decided to reach the capital, pushed by a strong patriotism, followed by some other disciples.
Kyoto, they enlisted with the Kiyokawa Hachirou and they were enrolled as "Defenders of Kyoto" by Matsudaira
Katamori, the Daimyo of Aizu.
In reality Kiyokawa, although officially declaring himself on the part of the Bakufu, it
was on the other side and he wanted to gather as many samurais as possibile and train them as Ishin Shishis. The Shogun
however was informed about his betrayal and he gave order to murder Kiyokawa before its plan was realized. After these facts
Kondou decided to support the Shogun and founded the group of the Shinsengumi composed of 13 members reunited under the kanji
The hierarchical structure was the following:
Captains: Serizawa Kamo, Kondou Isami, Niimi Nishigi
Vice Captains: Hijikata Toshizo, Yamanami Keisuke.
At this point different other samurais joined
to the group.
Nevertheless the relationships among the members inside the Shinsengumi were not very friendly. This also because of the behavior
of people as Serizawa and Niimi that hid behind the name of the Shinsengumi all of their iniquities.
Thanks to the attitude of Serizawa that was often drunk and wrangler, the Shinsengumi gained the appellative of "Wolves
of Mibu", since to the beginning the troops were gathered in the village of Mibu, so vagabond of Mibu (Mibu-ro) became
Wolves of Mibu (Mibu-ro).
Niimi, after a fire hung to an inn by Niimi himself and from Serizawa, was ordered
to practice seppuku by Serizawa himself who manage to revert on the companion the whole guilt.
Following these facts,
Serizawa was murdered by a special group, together with the other corrupted Shinsengumi, and Kondou and Hijikata decided
to make the entry of new samurais in the group more difficulty and to make the rule more severe. This way whoever was not
involved according to the rules of honor of the samurais was killed or it was ordered to practice seppuku.
The assignment of the Shinsengumi was essentially to patrol the roads of Kyoto and keep the peace
and the order. They swore to protect Kyoto with their own sword.
In that epoch who was not able to
prove his identity and not to be a member of some group that plotted against the Soghun was immediately killed. This facts
made the Shinsengumi become very feared for their lack of pity and for their severity in the punishments.
preferred combative technique was many against one (or few), and this became more evident as soon as the group of the
A night, in June of 1864, the Ikeda-ya's Affair happened. The Shinsegumi
succeeded in killing quite a lot members of the Ishin Shishis, theirs harshest enemies, and they became
in a night the national heroes. Although victorious this mission resulted for the Shinsengumi in a very high price
to be paid in lifes.
With the grow of national admiration, the Shinsegumi became a more and more large group, up
to count 300 members, and it was necessary therefore to constitute a more organized inside structure.
Captain: Kandou isami
Vice captain: Hijikata Toshizo
adviser: Itou Kashitarou
of the 10 unities:
1: Okita Souji
2: Nagakura Shinpachi
3: Saitou Hajime
4: Matsubara Tadaji
6: Inoue Genzaburou
7: Tani Sanjyuurou
8: Toudou Heisuke
9: Suzuki Mikisaburou
10: Harada Sanosuke
unity included besides the commander, two lance-corporals and ten men.
The Five Articles Of The Shinsen
(from Serizawa Kamo's Biography)
Dai ichijou: Shidou ni somuki majiki
First Article: It's not allowed to deviate from the path proper to man.
Dai nijou: Kyoku wo dassuru
Second Article: It's not allowed to leave the Shinsengumi.
Dai sanjyou: Katte ni kinsaku
Third Article: It's not allowed to raise money privately.
Dai shijou: Katte ni soshou toriatsukaubekarazu.
Article: It's not allowed to take part in other's litigation(other than Shinsengumi's).
Dai gojou: Watakushi no
tousou wo yurusazu.
Fifth Article: It's not allowed to engage in private fights.
These five articles were
read in front of every Shinsengumi member, along with some more items.
"Kumigashira ga moshi toushi shita baaiwa,
kumishuu wa sono ba de toushi subeshi."
"If the leader of a unit is mortally wounded in a fight, all the members of
the unit must fight and die on the spot."
"Hageshiki kokou ni oite shishou zokushutsusutomo kumigashira no shitai
no hoka wa hikishirizokukotomakarinarazu."
"Even in a fight where the death toll is high, it is not allowed to retrieve
the bodies of the dead, except the corpse of the leader of the unit."
"Moshi taishiga koumuni yorazushite machi
de taigai no mono to arasoi, teki to yaiba wo kawashi, jibunga kizu wo oite aite wo shitomekirazuni nigashita baai, ushirokizu
no baai no gotokimo seppuku wo meizuru."
"If a Shinsengumi member engage in a fight with a stranger, be it on duty
or not, if he is wounded and can't kill the enemy, allowing him to run away, even in case of a wound in the back, seppuku
samurai x mp3
No Junj˘na Kanj˘
if u cant play 1/3 junjona kanjo click this site